Muslims--India.; India--Politics and government--1765-1947.
Dr Hardy has attempted a general history of British India's Muslims with a deeper perspective. He shows how the interplay of memories of past Muslim supremacy, Islamic religious aspirations and modern Muslim social and economic anxieties with the political needs of the alien ruling power gradually fostered a separate Muslim politics. Dr Hardy argues (contrary to the usual view) that Muslims were able to take political initiatives because, in the region of modern Uttar Pradesh, British rule before 1857 and even the events of the Mutiny and Rebellion of 1857–8 had not been economically disastrous for most of them. He stresses the force of religion in the growth of Muslim political separatism, showing how the 'modernists' kept the conversation among Muslims within Islamic postulates and underlining the role of the traditional scholars in heightening popular religious feeling. Regarding any sense of Muslim political unity and nationhood as an outcome of the period of British rule, Dr Hardy shows the limitations and frailty of that unity and nationhood by 1947.; Machine derived contents note: 1. Introduction: the medieval legacy; 2. The effects of British rule on Muslims before 1857; 3. 1857 and its aftermath; 4. Muslims come to terms with British India as Muslims; 5. Muslims move towards political community 1871-1901; 6. Muslims acquire a constitutional identity and enter all-India politics; 7. Religion enters politics 1910-24; 8. The period of frustration 1924-35; 9. The two partitions: of British India and of the Muslim community.
At head of title: Policy Studies Institute.; Rational Techniques in Policy Analysis.; Front Cover; Rational Techniquesin Policy Analysis; Dedication; Copyright; Table of Contents; List of Figures; Acknowledgements; Preface; Definitions of terms; PART I; Chapter 1. Introduction; Controversy abounds; A balanced perspective; This book; Chapter 2. Analytic Rationality; Rationality: a first look; The policy process and analytic rationality; General problems with the rational model; Conclusion; Chapter 3. Exploring Policy Analysis; Policy making and policy analysis; Essential value judgements; The scope of policy analysis; The value of rational analysis.; Chapter 4. A Process Approach to AnalysisThe 'roots' of analytic rationality; The past and the future in analysis; The common process in analysis; The role of the (rational) policy analyst; Chapter 5. Categories for Rational Techniques; Cost-utility analysis; Impact assessment; Forecasting and futures research; Evaluation research; Social indicator research; Chapter 6. Problem Areas in Analysis; Efficiency and effectiveness; Pluralism and implementation in decision making; Value judgements within analysis; Quantification and qualification; Aggregation and value weighting.; Distributional equityPublic participation and analysis; Conclusion; Bibliography: Part I; PART II; Chapter 7. Cost-Utility Techniques; Measuring costs and benefits; Cost-benefit's reformist offspring; Decision analysis: preferences and uncertainty; Conclusion; Notes on further reading; References; Chapter 8. Studying Environmental and Social Impact; Environmental impact methodology; Social impact assessment; Issues in impact assessment; References; Chapter 9. Social Forecasting and Futures Studies; Trend extrapolation; Qualitative techniques; Dynamic modelling; Issues in futures studies.; Notes on further readingReferences; Chapter 10. Evaluation Research; Controlled and quasi experiments; The cost-utility approach to evaluation; Performance measurement; Issues in evaluation; Chapter 11. Social Indicator Research; Programmatic development; Development by social goal area; Development by life cycle; Development from a theoretical base; Conclusion; Cgapter 12. Postscript; Index.
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