Leyden, Françoys van Ravelingen, 1618. Thick folio (34.3 x 22.0 x 11.2 cm). Half title, engraved title-page with letterpress title and imprint, coloured by an early hand and highlighted in gold, description of contents printed on verso; [xxviii], 1495, [1 blank], [lvi], [2 blank] pp.; about 1470 botanical woodcuts in the text (mostly 13.0 x 7.0 cm). Further with woodcut decorated initials, head- and tailpieces built up from arabesque fleurons, textura types with extensive fraktur and civilité and incidental roman, italic, rotunda and Greek types. Contemporary blind-tooled vellum over wooden boards. Bevelled edges. Spine with manuscript title. Brass clasps.l Second Dutch edition of Dodoens's last, most important and most extensively illustrated work, with Clusius's extensive appendix of American and East Indian plants, which adds nearly 100 woodcuts. Besides the usual European herbs and medicinal plants, the book describes and illustrates mushrooms, fruit trees and other trees, as well as tropical peppers, cacti, fruits, nuts, tobacco, papyrus, etc., and even a coral. It made an important contribution to systematic botany by defining the parts of plants in general. The "Cruydt-Boeck", not to be confused with the "Cruydeboeck" first published in 1554, was largely a Dutch translation of the "Stirpium historiae pemptades sex, libri XXX", first published by Plantin at Antwerp in 1583. The "Stirpium" represents Dodoens's best and last great work: a monumental botanical study divided into six large sections, each containing five books, with the plants classified in 26 groups. This system was far superior to all his earlier classifications. Joost van Raveling[h]en or Justus Raphelengius (1573-1628) at Leiden, Christophel Plantin's grandson, first published the present translation in 1608, adding extra information in a smaller type at the end of each chapter. These additions give information on the qualities of the plants taken from the "Cruydeboeck" (if they are not present in the "Stirpium"), as well as new information or descriptions of new plants taken from the work of other authors, including Carolus Clusius and Mathias de Lobel. At the end Van Ravelingen added a whole new part on exotic plants taken from the works of Clusius, Garcia da Orta, Nic. Monardès, Chr. Acosta and others. Willem Swanenburgh engraved the title-page, originally for the 1608 edition. It has a view of a botanical garden (with cacti, palm trees and other exotic plants) in an architectural frame with garlands of fruit and roundel portraits of Dodoens and Clusius, with the letterpress text in two cartouches. It is here coloured by an early hand. The present edition includes the same woodcuts as the first Dutch edition, with some additions for the parts by Clusius. The main text is set in textura type, and each of the thirty books begins with a headpiece of arabesque fleurons, a large decorated initial letter, and an introductory text in fraktur type. Joost Raphelengius's four-page note to the reader and the headings to the woodcuts are set in Robert Granjon's Bastarde civilité (Carter & Vervliet A6). Page 791 erroneously numbered 691. Slightly toned, with some minor spots throughout; the margins of a few pages slightly thumbed, light damp-staining to the lower margin of a few leaves in the rear. Tear in fifth preliminary leaf. Binding cracked at hinges, bottom of spine slightly damaged and some traces of use along the extremities. Overall a very good copy. Krivatsky 3303 (lacking half-title); Nissen, BBI 518; Pritzel 2345; Stafleu & Cowan 1491; Wellcome I, 1812.